Vitiligo Vulgaris

Vitiligo vulgaris is an acquired, non-contagious disorder. Patients with vitiligo vulgaris visit a dermatology clinic complaining of “loss of skin color”. However, white lesions are not always due to vitiligo vulgaris. This means that “loss of skin color” needs numerous differential diagnoses. The differential diagnoses included numerous diseases. In addition, we also analyzed the complications of patients with vitiligo vulgaris in view of the autoimmune diseases.


Acrofacial Vitiligo

In Acrofacial Vitiligo Depigmentation occurs on parts away from the center of the body such as face, head, hands and feet.

The term Acrofacial Vitiligo refers to the common distribution of milky white or light pink patches in which it spreads in limited parts, away from the center of the body. People suffering with Acrofacial Vitiligo usually have a lot of emotional distress, since the disease effects the exposed parts of the body, which socially becomes embarrassing.

Acrofacial Vitiligo is a result of stress. It is the prime culprit, which in turn affects the immune system of the individual. Removal of the pigments of the skin is the result. Typical symptoms, which are commonly seen, include premature greying of hairwhite patchesuveitissensitivity to sun and golden brown patches in the area around the mouth, eyes and nostrils. Psychological or physical stress increases the risk of spreading of vitiligo.


Segmental Vitilgo

Segmental Vitiligo is also called Unilateral vitiligo. It has a different form of appearance. This condition spreads more rapidly, but is considered more constant and stable than non segmental vitiligo. It is definitively much less common, and it affects only about 10% of people with this condition. But unpredictably, segmental vitiligo is more noticeable in the early ages affecting about 30% of the children that have been diagnosed with vitiligo.


  • Appears on 1 segment of the body, such as a leg, face or arm.
  • About half of people lose some hair color, such as on the head, an eyelash or an eyebrow.
  • Often begins at an early age.
  • Often progresses for a year or so then stops.
  • A symptom is felt by the patient, such as a headache dizziness or pain.


What you can do:

  • Review your family medical history. Find out if anyone in your family has vitiligo, a thyroid condition or a disease in which the immune system attacks healthy tissues in the body
  • List relevant personal information, such as recent major stressful events, life changes, sunburns and rashes.
  • List any medications, vitamins and supplements you're taking.
  • Make note of questions you'd like to ask your doctor, which will help you make the most of your limited time together.

Don't hesitate to ask doctor anything about your condition.  


Lip Tip Vitiligo

In Lip Tip Vitiligo, Patches are restricted only to lips and distal parts of the fingers and toes.

Causes of Vitiligo:

There are no definite causes identified for the development of vitiligo. It is considered as an autoimmune problem which attacks the pigment skins.

  • In some people stress or illness acts as a triggering factor.
  • According to scientists heredity may be a factor as there is increased incidence in vitiligo in people with a family history of vitiligo.
  • People with family or personal history of endocrine diseases or connective tissue diseases are also prone to develop vitiligo. These include thyroid diseases, Addison’s disease, pernicious anemia, alopecia areata.

Symptoms Of Vitiligo:

  • The most prominent symptom of vitiligo is the de-pigmented patches on the skin.
  • The de-pigmented patches are more common in the areas of the body that exposed to the sun such as arms, face, lips, hands and feet.
  • The less common symptoms include premature whitening or graying of the hair, eyelashes, eyebrows and beard.
  • Loss of color of the mucous membranes lining the inside of the mouth is also seen in some affected people.
  • There will be changes in the color of the retina.

Though there is no permanent remedy for vitiligo the home remedies for vitiligo helps to improve the appearance of the skin and to reduce the speed of progression of the disease.


Focal Vitiligo

In Focal Vitiligo, One or two closely set depigmented patches localised to a single area.
Vitiligo is a loss of skin pigment, or color, that causes white spots or patches to appear on the skin. No one knows exactly why this happens, but we do know it affects people of both sexes and all races.

Who Gets Vitiligo?

Vitiligo appears to affect at least 1% to 2% of the population, irrespective of sex, race, or age. Series have been reported from across the globe. The more dark skinned a person is, the more their vitiligo stands out, because of the contrast between affected and unaffected areas of skin. This may account for the apparent higher prevalence of vitiligo in some countries with darker-skinned populations. Vitiligo has become a marked social stigma in countries such as India, where opportunities for social advancement or marriage among affected individuals are severely limited even today.
In half of all vitiligo cases, onset occurs between the ages of 10 and 30. There are a few reported cases of vitiligo present at birth. Onset in old age also rarely occurs. Over 30% of affected individuals may report a positive family history. Up to four loci are now considered responsible for vitiligoVitiligo in identical twins has been reported. The risk for children of affected individuals is unknown, but may be less than 10%. People from families with an increased prevalence of thyroid diseasediabetes mellitus, and vitiligo appear to be at increased risk for development of vitiligo.

Universal Vitiligo

A rare type of vitiligo in which more than 80% of the skin is depigmented.

We do not know whether patient characteristics differ from those in the more common types of vitiligo. Moreover, nothing is known about HRQOL  i.e. Health-Related Quality Of Life in these patients. The aims of this study were to describe characteristics and HRQOL of patients with universal vitiligo and to compare these with the characteristics and HRQOL of patients with general vitiligo.

How do people inherit vitiligo?

Vitiligo sometimes runs in families, but the inheritance pattern is complex since multiple causative factors are involved. About one-fifth of people with this condition have at least one close relative who is also affected.

Whats Your Skin Types?

Skin types include normaloilydry, and sensitive. Some people also have a combination of skin types in different areas of their skin.
Skin types vary depending upon factors such as:

  • Water content, which affects your skin's comfort and elasticity
  • Oil content, which affects your skin's softness
  • Sensitivity level

Normal Skin Type:

Normal skin is not too dry and not too oily. It has:
  •     No or few imperfections
  •     No severe sensitivity
  •     Barely visible pores
  •     A radiant complexion

Combination Skin Type:

A combination skin type can be dry or normal in some areas and oily in others, such as the T-zone. Many people have combination skin, which  may benefit from slightly different types of skin care in different areas.
Combination skin can produce:
  • Overly dilated pores
  • Blackheads
  • Shiny skin

Dry Skin Type:

Dry skin can produce:
  • Almost invisible pores
  • Dull, rough complexion
  • Red patches
  • Less elasticity
  • More visible lines

Oily Skin Type:

Oily skin can produce:
  • Enlarged pores
  • Dull or shiny, thick complexion
  • Blackheads, pimples, or other blemishes


Sensitive Skin Type:

If your skin is sensitive, try to find out what your triggers are so you can avoid them. You may have sensitive skin for a variety of reasons, but often it's in response to particular skin care products.
Sensitive skin can show up as:
  • Redness
  • Itching
  • Burning
  • Dryness

Everyday Skin Problems

Is your skin itching, breaking out, or acting weird? Not sure what’s causing those problems? Check out an overview of daily skin problems.


Sun protection is the best way to avoid sunburn, even on cloudy days.


Cellulite is normal fat beneath the skin. The fat appears bumpy because it pushes against the connective tissue beneath the skin, causing the skin above it to pucker.


Blisters come in all sizes. Some are painful, red, or itchy; others aren’t.

Itchy skin?

Pruritis, or itchy skin, can be caused by dry skin or other conditions.

Paronychia (nail infection)

Nail infections are one of the most common skin problems.

Scalp problems

Several different conditions can affect the scalp.


Sweat can be embarrassing, especially if you don't know why it's happening.

Teenage acne

Teenage acne is caused by excess oil production and hormonal shifts.

Adult acne

Acne isn’t just a problem for teenagers, they can also be applied to adults.

Seborrhoeic Dermatitis

Seborrhoeic dermatitis is a common skin disorder that causes greasy, yellow or red scaling on hairy areas of the body.

Swollen Lips

Swollen lips can be the sign of an emergency. Read more about this symptom.

Side Effects of Breast Implant

While studies have not found evidence that breast implants, either silicone or saline, are connected with serious disease, there are still risks. There are also long-term implications. Here are some of the breast implant safety issues that you need to consider.

Risks of Breast Implants

Some of the complications and adverse outcomes of breast implants include:
  • Additional surgeries, with or without removal of the device
  • Capsular contractual, scar tissue that forms around the implant and squeezes the implant
  • Breast pain
  • Changes in nipple and breast sensation
  • Rupture with deflation of saline-filled implants
  • Rupture with or without symptoms of silicone gel-filled implants

Plastic Surgery

Surgeons can reshape the appearance of body parts through plastic surgery. It is also called cosmetic surgery.

Some of the most common body parts people want to improve through surgery include:

  • Breasts - Increase or reduce the size of breasts or reshape sagging breasts.
  • Ears - Reduce the size of large ears or set protruding ears back closer to the head.
  • Eyes - Correct drooping upper eyelids or remove puffy bags below the eyes.
  • Face - Remove facial wrinkles, creases or acne scars.
  • Hair - Fill in balding areas with one's own hair.
  • Nose - Change the shape of the nose.
  • Tummy - Flatten the abdomen.

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